Sharpton, Civil Rights Leaders Launch Fight Against ‘Knockout Game’ « CBS New
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Monday, December 9, 2013
Meet Edmonton’s newly-elected City Council
|Edmonton city councillor Scott McKeen; Ward 6|
By Ségolène ALLEMANDOU (text)
Police in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, this weekend unveiled official hijab-style headscarves approved for use by female Muslim officers, in a move that has revealed a growing split in attitudes towards the wearing of religious symbols across the country.
The Edmonton Police Service (EPS) said in a press release that the the hijab-style headscarf, which covers the hair and neck but not the face, was designed to “reflect the changing diversity in the community, and to facilitate the growing interest in policing careers from Edmonton’s Muslim community”.
Edmonton city councillor Scott McKeen said the move was a “gesture of inclusion” towards the Muslim community.
|Councillor McKeen; I wonder how many of the so called rednecks that voted for you feel about you pretty much calling them ignorant hicks, and how they feel about having to change their customs to make a foreigner feel welcome in their own country?|
“One of the perceptions about Edmonton and Alberta is that we’re kind of redneck,” he told reporters, adding that the decision to allow headscarves was “sort of saying that we want to have a diverse police service that reflects the diversity and multicultural aspects of Edmonton.”
Alberta has Canada’s biggest Muslim community (some 45,000 Muslims in a total population of 700,000), followed by Ontario, which has allowed women police officers to wear hijabs since 2011, and then Quebec
Ontario capital Toronto is looking to extend the freedom to wear religious symbols to other areas of the public service and there is also a campaign to make hijabs permitted in hospitals (see below). more
Submitted by cbaus on December 9, 2013 - 8:00am. Ohio Legislation Ohio Politics Education by Andrew Branca
Of the 50 states in the US, 49 of them require the State to disprove a defendant's claim of self-defense, beyond a reasonable doubt. Ohio, on the other hand, requires that the defendant prove self-defense by a preponderance of the evidence. Why is Ohio Such an Odd Duck on the Burden of Proof for Self-defense? To understand this curiosity it is necessary to cover a little history and to really understand what is meant by the phrase "burden of proof." Let's do them in reverse order.
Most of us know the phrase "burden of proof" from our understanding—borne of movies and TV dramas—that the prosecution bears the burden of proof to prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
And that's true. But it also a very superficial understanding of how the law actually allocates the "burden of proof." So, let's dig a bit deeper.
The burden of proof actually involves two separate elements. The burden of production, and the burden of persuasion.
The Burden of Production
Much of a court's function is to act like a gatekeeper in terms of controlling what kinds of evidence and arguments can be brought before a jury. A courtroom without rules would be even more chaotic than the real world outside. In the Zimmerman case we saw a great many bizarre and reversible evidentiary rulings. But this post is focused not on the evidence, but the arguments.
Before a legal argument can be made before the jury it must have some foundation, some rationale for why it is relevant to the case and will help the jury resolve the conflict.
Fail to Meet the Burden of Production and the Jury Will Never Hear "Self Defense"
If you're a law-abiding citizen who legitimately used force in self-defense, this can create an awkward situation. Because you acted in self-defense, you've likely admitted to the use of defensive force. So, now the State has a "victim" — the person you used force against —they have a defendant who has confessed to using that force against the "victim," and pretty much the only legal defense to justify that use of force has been taken off the table because the defendant failed to meet his burden of production.
The Burden of Persuasion
Once the burden of production has been met, and the issue is properly before the court, a decision must be made on who bears the burden of persuasion—that is, the burden of persuading the finder of fact (usually the jury) of the truth of the proposition.
The Burden of Persuasion: Affirmative Defenses and Self-Defense
But what about self-defense? Does the defendant similarly retain the burden of persuasion on top of the burden of production?
For much of modern legal history, the answer was, yes. Self-defense was one of a number of legal defenses termed “affirmative defenses.” Affirmative defenses are a different beast than what are called negating defenses. With a negating defense, the defendant argues that an element of the crime has been negated—for example, he was charged with theft of property in excess of $500 value, but in fact the property is worth less than $500.
Placing the Burden of Persuasion on the State is the Right Thing To Do
The practical dynamics of having the State bear the burden of persuasion, beyond a reasonable doubt, on self-defense demonstrate that this is the proper approach.
Except, That Is, for Ohio
Those are the cases in which the defendant ought to be acquitted, that is, with the exception of defendants in Ohio. The Buckeye state remains the last in the country to retain the old model of self-defense as a true affirmative defense, keeping the burden of persuasion for self-defense on the defendant, by a preponderance of the evidence.
Expect to See Burden of Persuasion as Emerging Front in Self –Defense Wars
As the law of self-defense has evolved over the last few decades to increasingly favor the law-abiding citizen against the criminal—via the adoption of Stand Your Ground, Make My Day, presumptions of reasonableness, civil and criminal immunity—the political forces that favor the criminal have become disgruntled.
Say hello to the governments new Electric Eye; Atlas 5 launched into space by the US December 5, 2013.
A classified U.S. spy payload rocketed into orbit from California on an Atlas 5 launcher Thursday (Dec. 5), joining the nation's eyes and ears in the sky to supply intelligence to the government's national security agencies. The satellite is owned by the National Reconnaissance Office, but government officials do not disclose the identities of the NRO's spacecraft, only saying the payload will serve national security purposes.
Will 2013 be the year American Jews secede from Israel? By Bradley Burston | Jan. 1, 2013
One day in the future, when it all comes horribly down, will Israelis finally realize that there were warning signs all along?
More to the point of the ultimate survival of Israel, could it be that when the real alarm sounds, when the genuine danger impends, Israelis won't hear a thing?
The answers may lie in how Israelis react to the canary in the coal mine, their forward recon unit in the world, the American Jewish community.
In fact, as the new year dawns, there are mounting signs that 2013 may be the year in which U.S. Jews – in the main, liberal in outlook, committed to tolerance, pluralism, and a vigorous, sincere pursuit of peace – effectively secede from this state of Israel.
They remain committed to supporting the existence of an Israel which balances Israeli and Jewish culture with respect for minority rights, democratic values. They will stay active in promoting the welfare of Israel's disadvantaged.
But many American Jews are already distancing themselves in word and deed from a government it sees as arrogant and short-sighted, enslaved to a runaway train of settlement, dismissive of the rights of Palestinians and other non-Jews, cold to the concerns of a sinking middle class and the drowning disadvantaged, contemptuous of the concerns of the larger Jewish world.
The catalysts: settlement expansion - especially as it strikes at Israeli-Palestinian peace prospects and mocks Washington – and backhanded insensitivity to the rights and ritual of non-Orthodox Jews.
In recent weeks, some of Israel's most influential defenders in the States have warned of hardline Israeli policies and parties which could lead "to the destruction (the self-destruction) of Israel" (Jeffrey Goldberg), and"national suicide" (Thomas Friedman).
Israeli leaders lent them not so much as a deaf ear. Nothing.
Lifeline for US law that aided Soviet, now Iranian Jews
WASHINGTON (JTA) – When the Lautenberg Amendment was introduced in 1990, it provided a mechanism for hundreds of thousands of Soviet Jews to exit their crumbling country and immigrate to freedom in the United States.
How Near is the Coming Time of Trouble
Jews Control U.S. Immigration Policy
Coming Race and Religious WarsLorraine Day, M.D. (the attached link is calling her a quack, but take it as you want, I'd say it's because of the link below, for one)
Natural, Alternative Therapies for all Diseases,
including Cancer and AIDS
Ever since the early 1900’s, the Jews in the United States have tried clandestinely to control the immigration policy of this country. The publicly stated purpose for this control by the Jews was to encourage a multi-ethnic population in the U.S. supposedly to guard against persecution of Jews.
Even before World War II and the supposed “Holocaust” – and even before World War I when an attempt at promoting a supposed “Holocaust” failed miserably, the Jews were determined to destroy the white, Christian, Western European culture of America.
You may ask why Jews would want to destroy the “white” race, when they are “white.” But that is the naïve and uninformed thinking that Jews love to see in the white race. Jews don’t consider themselves “white.” They consider themselves “Jews.” They consider the “white” race to be Gentiles.
Throughout history, Jews have been expelled from at least 79 countries; some historians say 109 countries. Of course, the Jews publicly state that they have been expelled for “no reason.” They have been expelled “just because they are Jews.” But the following article entitled, “Why are Jews Persecuted?” by Jayne Gardener identifies the reasons very well: >>more<<
Sunday, December 8, 2013
In a first, the New York Senate has passed a bill that would require that convicted animal abusers - just like convicted sex offenders - register as such with the division of criminal justice services. Even more, those who have been convicted of abusing and torturing animals would also have to undergo a required psychiatric evaluation and would be banned from ever owning pets again.
Under the bill, the names and addresses of convicted animal abuses in New York would be made readily accessible to the public. Those involved in the sale and adoption of animals would be able to check the registry before allowing someone to own an animal.
Animal cruelty has been a felony in New York since 1999 when Buster's Law was passed. Buster was a cat in Schenectady in upstate New York who was doused with kerosene and set on fire in 1997. The law bearing his name was created to ensure that those who commit such crimes are convicted. The new law (S2305A-2013) takes things a step further by creating the registry.
It is more than well-established that the abuse of animals can be a "gateway behavior" to violence against humans. Senator Greg Ball of Patterson, who sponsored the bill,addressed this very point:
Persons who commit crimes against animals represent some of the worst kind of people, and often expand their carnage to their neighbors and the larger community. Most people can agree that the level of respect and kindness shown for animals - creatures who cannot speak for themselves, or protect themselves and are easily abused and taken advantage of - is a fine predictor of how a person will treat their peers.
Just as Megan's Law was created to protect children from repeated sex offenders, Ball's bill will protect animals from repeat animal abusers - from (again, quoting Patterson) "violent and cruel behavior" that "cannot and should not be tolerated." >>more from PawNation<<
The waitress and former Marine who has been accused of orchestrating a hoax by claiming a family left her a homophobic note instead of a tip, is no longer working at the New Jersey restaurant where she'd claimed the incident occurred.
Dayna Morales made national headlines and received an outpouring of public support and at least $3,000 in donations after she claimed a family stiffed her and left her a note on the receipt reading, "Sorry, I cannot tip because I do not agree with your lifestyle and the way you live your life."
But after an unidentified couple came forward days later with a customer receipt and bank statement to prove that they had in fact left Dayna Morales an $18 tip on top of the $93.55 check, former friends of Morales also came forward claiming she was a compulsive liar.
Following the allegations against Morales, her employer the Gallop Asian Bistro said on Saturday she no longer would work at the restaurant.
The restaurant posted a message on its Facebook page that read in part, "In light of the investigation and recent events, both Ms. Morales and Gallop Asian Bistro have made a joint decision that Ms. Morales will no longer continue her employment at our restaurant. We wish her well in the future."
After the couple came forward to show their receipt to prove they paid a tip, at least three duped donors had their money refunded via PayPal, according to the founder of the web site that had first publicized the story and posts on the site.
Morales, 22, did not contact media directly with her story, but it soon went viral after it was picked up by a gay advocacy website, Have a Gay Day, which posted it on its Facebook wall.
"I am THOROUGHLY offended mad pissed off and hurt that THIS is what her kids will grow up learning and that I served in the Marines to keep ignorant people like them free," Morales posted, along with a picture of the receipt to Have a Gay Day on Nov. 13. "Sorry lady but I don't agree with YOUR lifestyle and the way you're raising your kids but you didn't see me throwing that in your face and giving you sh--y service. Keep your damn mouth shut and pray we never cross paths again."
The Founder of the Ohio-based website said Friday he had received messages from at least three people saying they had received their donations back.