Thursday, January 30, 2014

Chernobyl Tourism: Not for the Faint of Heart

Thrill seekers have tried some wacked-out stunts to get a glimpse of roads less traveled — many of them involving climbing steep things or jumping from great heights. But soon, a unique tourist opportunity in the Ukraine will offer up a new, perhaps scarier, type of risk.Radiation.

Yes, the Ukrainian government announced this week that they’ll open none other than Chernobyl — the site of the world’s worst nuclear disaster — to tourists next year. Just in case your memory needs refreshing here, this is the former nuclear power plant where a reactor blew up in 1986. The explosion blew the lid off the reactor, releasing 400 times more radiation than the Hiroshima bomb and contaminating a huge area all around it.

In a statement that’s the opposite of confidence-inspiring, officials have said the radiation risks associated with visiting Chernobyl are “minimal.” Whether you buy that or not (the Christian Science Monitor reports that there’s still some hazardous radioactive material in the area), this experience could definitely be cool from a historical standpoint: Travelers could explore Chernobyl town and surrounding villages, which — since they were evacuated after the accident — supposedly now have a kind of spooky quality to them. They’ll also be able to visit a viewing terrace to see the sarcophagus, a concrete structure that was built to seal off the reactor and its reactive contents — a singular experience, indeed, if you’re willing to take your chances.

Text of the US Federal Reserve's policy statement

WASHINGTON: Federal Reserve policy-makers on Wednesday said they will reduce the central bank's monthly bond-purchase program by another $10 billion to $65 billion a month, while holding their key interest rate near zero. 

Here is the full text of the Federal Open Market Committee's statement after the conclusion of a two-day policy meeting: 

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in December indicates that growth in economic activity picked up in rece .. 

UK 'terrorists' may lose passports, What you have to wait until they are naturalised before you can do anything?

The Home Secretary has slotted in a last-minute change to the Government's Immigration Bill so British terror suspects can be stripped of their citizenship even if it leaves them stateless.
In an apparent effort to appease Conservative backbenchers calling for tougher measures in the new legislation, Theresa May has tabled an amendment which will allow the removal of a UK passport from any person whose conduct is deemed "seriously prejudicial to the vital interests of the UK".
The Home Secretary already has the power to take away British citizenship from those with dual nationality, however, this change would allow her to make people stateless if they have been naturalised as a British citizen.
Human rights campaigners branded the move an "alarming development" giving the Home Secretary power to "tear up people's passports without any need for the kind of due process".
But the Home Office insists powers to make British citizens stateless will be used sparingly and in strict accordance with the UK's international obligations.
Immigration Minister Mark Harper said: "Those who threaten this country's security put us all at risk. This Government will take all necessary steps to protect the public.
"Citizenship is a privilege, not a right. These proposals will strengthen the Home Secretary's powers to ensure that very dangerous individuals can be excluded if it is in the public interest to do so." 
One of the most high-profile cases involving statelessness concerns Hilal al-Jedda, who fled from Iraq to the UK in 1992 as a refugee from Saddam Hussein's regime. He won asylum and in 2000 was granted British nationality.
However, he returned to Iraq in 2004 where he came under suspicion of involvement in terrorism and in 2007 was stripped of his British nationality.
Foreign criminals who can prove they face torture, ill-treatment or death in their home country will still be able to overturn deportation orders under separate human rights measures.
More than 200 foreign criminals successfully challenge deportation on human rights grounds every year with around 90% relying on the ''right to private and family life'' set out under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

HSBC Bank refuses to give customers their money unless they can prove a good reason for needing it

International bank HSBC has been restricting its customers from withdrawing large sums of cash if they can’t provide a good enough reason for why they need it.
The policy was brought in to effect in November 2013 , but customers were not notified of it. The rule was uncovered after the BBC’s “Money Box” program began investigating complaints by customers that they were being refused access to their accounts unless they could demonstrate a need for their money.
One customer, Stephen Cotton, who wished to withdraw $11,000 to repay his mother said, “When we presented them with the withdrawal slip, they declined to give us the money because we could not provide them with a satisfactory explanation for what the money was for. They wanted a letter from the person involved.”

Read more:

Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Terms for African American English and vernaculars.

Terms for African American English       

The terms used by scholars to refer to the unique language variety of many African Americans reflects the changing terms used to refer to African Americans themselves across the decades. Early studies of AAE in the 1960s used the terms Negro speechNegro English, or Negro American dialect. Starting around 1970 and continuing throughout the decade, the preferred term was Black English or Black English Vernacular (BEV). In the mid-1980s African-American became the preferred term for black Americans, and by 1991 linguists were using the term African American Vernacular English(AAVE). Today African American English (AAE) is the generally accepted term, although AAVE is still used too.
The term Ebonics (a blend of ebony and phonics) gained recognition in 1996 as a result of the Oakland School Board’s use of the term in its proposal to use African American English in teaching Standard English in the Oakland Schools. The term was coined by Robert Williams in 1973, but it wasn’t until the Ebonics controversy that Ebonics became widely used. Most linguists prefer the term African American English as it aligns the variety with regional, national, and sociocultural varieties of English such as British English, Southern English, Cajun English, and so forth.

Sorry I have a hard time believing  Robert Williams jargon, black students that I went to school with and pretty much grew up around were given the same education as white students, they all pretty much spoke American English, until they started busing in blacks from other areas and that is when the broken dialect Ebonics started; and if I want to buy into the AAE slave trade bit of having the same dialect as those slaves, then why don't I speak with an Irish/English or German accent, seeing how that is where my ancestors came from?

Comprehending  Ebonics
Immigrant groups from every part of the world have routinely brought their languages to the United States, save one: African Americans. John Baugh explains how the African slave trade impacted this unique variety of American, and how the term "Ebonics" came into being.
Read Summary.
Ebonics is greatly misunderstood, largely because of how it gained global attention during a racially charged education controversy in Oakland, California. On Dec. 18, 1996, the Oakland School Board passed a resolution declaring Ebonics to be the language of 28,000 African-American students within that school district. Few people had ever heard of the term Ebonics prior to the passage of that resolution, to say nothing of how it was created or originally defined.

Children learning English at the cost of vernacular languages: Javed Akhtar - 

Bollywood lyricist Javed Akhtar says that children nowadays are learning English at the "cost of vernacular ­languages".

The middle and the upper middle classes have ­abandoned the vernacular languages in preference to English, which has become a necessity now, Akhtar said at an
 event recently. 

"It is a tragedy. The educational system, the globalisation and liberalization has ­corporatised the society,” he said.“English has become crucial to connect to the rest of the world. But what is happening is that ­children from the middle and the upper-middle classes are learning English at the cost of ­vernacular ­languages. So, where will they go?" he asked. 

Jewish Leaders and U.S. Condemn Hungary for Statue of Nazi Ally Miklos Horthy; as Antifa Put Hungarian Neo-nazi Jobbik Party On The Run In London.

The United States on Thursday strongly condemned a far-right party for unveiling a statue of wartime leader Miklos Horthy, who allied Hungary with Nazi Germany, an event which stoked concerns about a wave of anti-Semitism in the country.
The Jobbik party unveiled the statue on Sunday in Budapest.

Jobbik's 'Neo Nazi' Supporters Trapped In London's Holborn Station

Hungarian neo-Nazis were trapped in a tube station and had their rally moved by police after being confronted by anti-fascists.  Protesters waited at London's Holborn station for the arrival of Gabor Vona, leader of the Jobbik Party, who was due to address expats to rally support for his election campaign.
Jobbik is accused of holding strong anti-semitic views and fuelling hatred against Jewish and Roma communities. more

Alright, I'm going to go out on a limb here and ask the Anti Facists, instead of protesting and chasing down nationlists, why don't you take a look back into history and most likely some of your heritage that did the same thing.  Even today about the Roma/Gypsies and guess what history shows even before Hitler or neo-Nazi's  Roma/Gypsies/Jews weren't welcomed and faced death, imprisonment or various other forms of punishment in England, and i'm pretty sure in most European countries, as seen in the Roma/Gypsies link below.   <

There is not a thing wrong with having pride in your race and your nation wanting to keep it a nation of their anscestors.  Why don't we ever see you in the streets protesting and chasing down the refugees that come into say the country you live in while they stand with signs calling for the death of the people of that nation, religion or free speech?  Also why don't you go after Israel because they don't want much to do with the Multi-cult things themselves and ask them why they don't take in all of the Roma/Gypsies they seem to have a long history?   Just curious.  ~

By Freda Matthews
Important Historical Dates
The Gypsies in EnglandEarly Years

Antifa Put Hungarian Neo-nazi Jobbik Party On The Run In London

On Twitter, Unite Against Fascism wrote: “After scuttling around London #Jobbik Vona pops up in rainy Hyde Park. No venue wants a fascist rally. So much for the master race.”

There was an avalanche of appeals to the UK government to ban Neo-nazi Gábor Vona from entering the country, but they were not listened to. There was even a meeting the Jobbik boss planned to attend – with the Golden Dawn and the BNP, whose members have expressed admiration for Hitler, but, after it was exposed, he denied that was his intention. He claimed he just wanted to speak to a “Forum for Hungarians,” to promote his far-right propaganda. As appeals for blocking his entry in the UK were mounting, he wrote a letter to Home Secretary Theresa May, begging her to let him in: “I can confirm I am to meet neither the [Greek] Golden Dawn party, nor the British national party,” he wrote. “I kindly ask that you disregard this politically-motivated rumour.”  >more<

“Those who organised and participated in the event, including members of Hungary’s parliament, promoted not only their own intolerance, but also a dramatically negative image of Hungary,” the U.S. embassy said in an e-mailed statement.
“Although the significant number of counter-demonstrators showed there is strong opposition to the organizers’ views, and members of the Hungarian government have expressed disapproval, an event such as this requires swift, decisive, unequivocal condemnation by Hungary’s highest ranking leaders,” the statement said.
The government of Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s centre-right Fidesz party has acknowledged Hungarians had a role in the Holocaust and pledged a policy of zero tolerance against racial hatred and anti-Semitism.
Hungary still has one of the largest and oldest Jewish communities in Europe, mostly in the capital.
But while there is a revival of Jewish culture, the far-right has remained strong and anti-Semitism, as well as hatred toward other minorities like homosexuals or Roma, is still a serious problem.
Jobbik has vilified Jews and Israel in parliament, where it is the third-biggest party. It is set to win 8-9 percent of the vote at parliamentary elections next April or May, according to the latest opinion polls.

Population: 10,020,000
Jewish population:  35,000-120,000
The Hungarian Jewish community is the largest in East Central Europe. Most Hungarian Jews live in the capital, Budapest, which has some 20 working synagogues and a plethora of other Jewish institutions, both religious and cultural. There are also a number of smaller Jewish communities in provincial cities, including Debrecen, Miskolc and Szeged, with an active religious and cultural life. Before the war, Hungary had a Jewish population of 450,000 and Budapest was home to over 200,000 Jews, who accounted for some 20% of the city's habitants. Hundreds of thousands of Hungarian-speaking Jews lived in territories in the neighboring countries that had once been under Hungarian rule. Beginning in 1938, some of these territories were restored to Hungary. During World War II, Hungary allied itself with Nazi Germany and initiated a series of repressive moves against its Jewish population. These culminated in the deportation to Auschwitz of nearly the entire Jewish population of the provinces. Of Hungary's wartime Jewish population of some 800,000, fewer than 200,000 survived. Immediately after the war, as the country moved into the Soviet orbit and was confronted by acts of anti-Jewish violence, many of the survivors elected to leave. Another wave of emigration followed the abortive 1956 uprising. Eventually the situation stabilized and the ultimate collapse of Communism hastened the revitalization of Jewish communal life. Today, despite antisemitic rumblings, Hungary Jews have every facility to express their Jewish heritage and religious life.  More from the World Jewish Congress

The statue stands on the grounds of a Reformed Church. The bishop of its diocese has launched an inquiry into why the local priest allowed the statue to be erected there.
Orban’s chief of staff, Janos Lazar, on Monday condemned all racism and anti-Semitism, saying the 24 years of Horthy’s rule were a complex period that historians, not politicians, should discuss.
“The (deportations of Jews) in 1944 were clearly despicable while other aspects of the era, like the creation of the social security system, were decent and were worthy of being continued,” he said.

Horthy ruled Hungary for 24 years and gradually introduced laws that penalised the country’s Jewry. Soon after he took power in 1920, some laws were introduced limiting Jewish enrolment at universities, while Jewish rights were restricted severely when Hungary entered into the alliance with Nazi Germany in the late 1930s.
In March 1944 the Nazis occupied the country and with Horthy still in power, over a 56-day period Hungarian gendarmes helped the Germans deport 437,000 Jews, most to their deaths, according to Budapest’s Holocaust Memorial Centre.
The total number of Hungarian Jewish victims of the Holocaust exceeds half a million.Read more: 

Tuesday, January 28, 2014

25 American Classics Everyone Should Read At Least Once In Their Lifetime vs The recommended list of reading in Russia.

"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain

Published in 1884

Read more:

Of course the PC version of Huck Finn  'South with a freed slave named Jim.'  they can't leave it as it was historicaly written with 'Nigger Jim,' because it might offend someone; but they would prefer to keep up with African American English, 'ebonics', instead of a part of history.    I'm really surprised they didn't change it to dat freed nigga slave Jim .  smh  :/  Talk about censorship.  To me by them doing this; I put it right on up there with book burning.

From CAL:African American English
African American English (AAE) is a dialect of American English used by many African Americans in certain settings and circumstances. Like other dialects of English, AAE is a regular, systematic language variety that contrasts with other dialects in terms of its grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary.
Terms for African American English
The terms used by scholars to refer to the unique language variety of many African Americans reflects the changing terms used to refer to African Americans themselves across the decades. Early studies of AAE in the 1960s used the terms Negro speechNegro English, or Negro American dialect. Starting around 1970 and continuing throughout the decade, the preferred term was Black English or Black English Vernacular (BEV). In the mid-1980s African-American became the preferred term for black Americans, and by 1991 linguists were using the term African American Vernacular English(AAVE). Today African American English (AAE) is the generally accepted term, although AAVE is still used too.
The term Ebonics (a blend of ebony and phonics) gained recognition in 1996 as a result of the Oakland School Board’s use of the term in its proposal to use African American English in teaching Standard English in the Oakland Schools. The term was coined by Robert Williams in 1973, but it wasn’t until the Ebonics controversy that Ebonics became widely used. Most linguists prefer the term African American English as it aligns the variety with regional, national, and sociocultural varieties of English such as British English, Southern English, Cajun English, and so forth.

Yeah and here is what they are recommending in Russia, and I bet they don't change the written words or perhaps they do/did so as not to offend the Jewish or Gypsy or someone.  

Makes you think huh?

According to scientists, academicians of RAS, literary critics, these books should be included in the range of reading every educated person today. Save yourself the wall, so as not to Lose 

15-16 years: 
1. JD Sellinzher "The Catcher in the Rye," and short stories. 
2. Franz Kafka's "The Castle", "The Trial". 
3. Ken Kesey's "Over the Cuckoo's Nest" ("One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"). 
4. Benedict Erofeev "Moscow-End of the Line." 
5. Julio Cortazar "Wins" (1960), "Hopscotch" (1963), "62. Model Kit" (1968), "The Last Round" (1969), "The Book of Manuel" (1974). 
6. F. Dostoevsky, "Poor people" "Demons" "Idiot" "The Brothers Karamazov" "Crime and Punishment". 
7. S. Lem "Futurological Congress", "runny nose", "Eden" and others. 
8. Victor Pelevin "Chapaev and emptiness", "Omon Ra", "The Life of Insects", "Yellow Arrow", "Generation" P "« («Generation P»), and others. 
9. Tatyana Tolstoy "Kys". 
10 . Ulitskaja L. "Case of Kukotskiy", "Medea and Her Children." 
11. Boris Akunin "Azazel", "Turkish Gambit". 
12. Yuri Mamleyev "Cranks", "Moscow Gambit", "Drown my head," " Eternal Home "," Cranks ". 
13. Paul Krusanov "Night of the inside", "Kalevala. Karelian-Finnish epic, "" Bite angel. " 
14. Strugatsky brothers' Roadside Picnic "," snail on the slope "," It's hard to be a god. " 
15. Dale Carnegie "How to Develop Self-confidence and Influence people vystupayapublichno. How to Win Friends and Influence People. How perestatbespokoitsya and begin to Live." 
16.Garsiya Marquez "One Hundred Years of Solitude," "Autumn of the Patriarch" "Love in the Time of Cholera " 
17. Lobsang Rampa "Third Eye" (1.Trety eyes. 2. Doctor from Lhasa. 3. Rampy.4 history. Ancient caves. 5. You - forever. 6. Wisdom of the ancients. 7. Hermit. 8.Shafrannaya mantle. 9. chapters of life. 10. life with Lama. 11. candlelight. 12. Outland tenth. 13. Maintaining the fire. 14. Thirtieth candle. 15. Twilight. 16. concerned as it was. 17. ramp on Venus. 18 . Tibet sage) 
18. Alexandra David - Noel "mystics and magicians of Tibet." 
19. Elizabeth Haich "Dedication." 
20. Mario Puzo's "The Godfather." 
21. EM Remarque "On the Western Front," "Three Comrades", "Arc de Triomphe", "The Black Obelisk" (Collected Works). 
22. LN Tolstoy "War and Peace," "Anna Karenina." 
23. Sholokhov "Quiet Flows the Don." 
24. B. Pasternak, "Doctor Zhivago" poems. 
25. Mikhail Bulgakov "The Master and Margarita", "Heart of a Dog," "Belayagvardiya," "Days of Turbin," "The Fatal Eggs". 
26. Marietta Chudakov "Biography of Mikhail Bulgakov." 
27. Ivan Bunin "dark alley", "Life of Arsenyev," "Cursed Days". 
28. VN Muromtseva "Life Bunin", "Conversations with memory." 
29. I. Ilf and E. Petrov "The Twelve Chairs," "The Golden Calf", "storey America." 
30. A. Platonov "pit." 
31. Zamyatin "We" 
32. Solzhenitsyn "One day of Ivan Denisovich", "The First Circle", "Cancer Ward", "The Gulag Archipelago", "Two Hundred Years Together." 
33. John Galsworthy's "The Forsyte Saga" 
34. E. Hemingway "A Farewell to Arms," ​​"For Whom the Bell Tolls." 
35. Zola's "Germinal", "Belly of Paris". 
36. Choderlos de Lanklo "Dangerous Liaisons." 
37. Guy de Maupassant, "Bel Ami" stories. 
38. G. Flaubert "Madame Bovary." 
39. Stendhal "Red and Black", "The Charterhouse of Parma." 
40. William Makepeace Thackeray, "Vanity Fair." 
41. Alexander Mirer "House wanderers." 
42. M.Zoshchenko "Stories." 
43. Poetry: O. Khayyam, William Shakespeare, M. Bass, I. Krylov, N. Nekrasov, F.Tyutchev, Fet, IA Northerner, Yesenin, Osip Mandelstam, Gumilev, Tsvetaeva, Vladimir Mayakovsky, R. Christmas, Bulat Okudzhava, Joseph Brodsky. 
44. Akhmatova "Evening" (1912), "Rosary" (1914), "White Flock" (1917), "Plantain" (1921), «Anno Domini» (1922), "The Flight of Time." Memories. 
45. E. Gerstein "Anna Akhmatova and Lev Gumilev," a memoir. 
46. Boris Spout "Anna and Amadeo. The story of the secret love Akhmatova and Modigliani, or figure in the Interior" 47. Blok "Poems" ("The Stranger" and others).48. MA Svetlov "Poems" ("Granada", "Song of Kahovka" and others). 49. IS Turgenev 50. AN Ostrovsky 51. AP Czechs 52. NGChernyshevsky "What to do" "(for a change). 53. Kuprin "Garnet Bracelet", "Shulamith". 54. Taffy "Stories." 55. George Orwell 's "1984." 56. Yuri Nikitin "Three out of the woods. " 57.Mariya Semenov "Wolfhound", "right to Match", "Istovik - Stone," "The Omen Road", "Semi-precious Mountain", "Valkyrie." 58. V. Pikul "Moonzund", "favorite", "Requiem convoy PQ-17." 59. V. Voinovich "The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkina," "Fairy Tales for Adults", "The smell of chocolate." 60. B. SHukshin "Stories . " 61. Vasil Bykov, Polyakov, Kurochkin Bogomolov (the Great Patriotic War). 62. Obruchev "Sannikov Land". 63. Walt Whitman "Poems." 64. S. Maugham "Theatre", "Of Human Bondage." 65 . A. White "Petersburg". 66. Gippius "Living person", verses. 67. IA Goncharov, "Oblomov", "Ordinary Story." 68. Michael Moorcock "Empty Land", "Ice schooner or expedition in New York, "" The Chronicles of Cornelius "," Elric of Melnibona. " 69. Vladimir Levi "The art of being a", "Art to be different", "Custom Child," "Confessions of a hypnotist." 70. IV Goethe " Faust. " 71. Dante's "Divine Comedy." 72. Homer "Iliad," "Odyssey." 73. Stephen King's "Pet Sematary", "The Green Mile" and other novels. 74. William Golding's "Lord of the Flies. " 75. Alex Garland "The Beach". 76. B. Stoker 's "Dracula." 77. Frank Herbert "Dune". 78. Philip Jose Farmer "Flying Whales Ismael", "Anger" 79. Harlan Ellison, "On the way to oblivion. " 80. Maxim Gorky, "The Life of Klim Samgin." 81. JB Moliere 's "Don Giovanni", "Funny prude", "Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme", "The Misanthrope," "Tartuffe," "The Miser." 82. Winston Groom "Forrest Gump." 83. John Wyndham's "The Day of the Triffids". After 17 years: 1. Marcel Proust "In Search of Lost Time." 2. James Joyce's "Ulysses." 3. Umberto Eco's "Name of the Rose", "Foucault's Pendulum". 4. Eric Berne, "People who play games. Games People Play, "" Seksv human life "," Introduction to psychiatry and psychoanalysis for the uninitiated. " 5. Sigmund Freud's "The Interpretation of Dreams," "Introduction to Psychoanalysis" (1910), "Psychopathology of Everyday Life" (1904), "I and It" (1923), "Totem and Taboo", "Essays on the psychology of sexuality. " 6. Fromm E. "The Art of Love," "To Have or to Be", "Escape from Freedom". 7. Carl Jung, "Psychology of the Unconscious", "Psychological Types", "Man and His Symbols, "" Problems of the soul of our time. " 8. Viktor Frankl "Man 's Search for Meaning." 9. Abraham Harold Maslow's "Motivation and Personality".10. ME Litvak "psychological vampirism. Anatomy of the conflict. " 11. Frederick Perls "Inside and outside the garbage ведра.Радость.Печаль.Хаос.Мудрость." 12. Robert Crooks, Karla Baur "Sexuality." 13. Friedrich Nietzsche's "Thus Spake Zarathustra." 14. Books about world religions: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, and others (n-up: Erriker K. Buddhism; Bertrong D. and E. Confucianism; Besserman P. Kabbalah and Jewish mysticism; Wong E. Taoism; Kanitkar In. P. (Hemant ) Hinduism, Islam R. Maqsood, Oliver P. World religious beliefs; Fershtaynom G.Tantra, Ernst KV Sufism, Donald Young Christian). 15. The Bible. 16. Qur'an. Talmud. Rigveda. Avesta. Brahmapada. The works of Confucius. Dao De Jing. Vernadsky (the noosphere). Kant (about idealism). Kendo. Bushido. Bodhittsatva. Mahamudra. Kabbalah. Bhagavad-Gita. 17. Vladimir Nabokov, "The Luzhin Defence", "Masha", "gift "," Lolita ", etc. 18. Patrick Suskind "Perfume", "dove", "The History of Mr Sommer." 19. Andre Gide "Refreshment of the earth," "The Counterfeiters", "Strait is the gate. " 20. Jorge Luis Borges' "The Garden of Forking Paths", "Book of imaginary beings" and other stories. "Six puzzles for Don Isidro Parodi," "Seven Nights". 21. Carlos Castaneda, "The Teachings of Don Juan of the Yaqui "," A Separate Reality "," Journey to Ixtlan "," Tales of Power "," The Second Ring of Power, "" The Eagle's Gift, "" Fire From Within "," The Power of Silence ", "The Art of Dreaming. " 22. The Tibetan Book of the Dead - Bardo Thedol23. Henry Miller's "Tropic of Cancer" and others. 24. Andy Warhol "The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and vice versa)." 25. G. Hesse , "Demian", "Steppenwolf", "The Glass Bead Game", "Siddhartha". 26. Bernard Shaw "House widower," "Heartbreaker," "Mrs. Warren's Profession, "" The Devil's Disciple, "" Arms and the Man, "" Candida, "" Chosen Destiny "," Wait and see, "" Pygmalion, "" House, Heartbreak. " 27. Albert Camus' The Plague, "" The Fall, "" The Outsider ".28. Paul Verlaine "Poems" ("Marine", "Osennyayapesnya", "Shadows of trees, hiding behind gray mist ...", "Nebonad city crying ...", "Tosca", "Charter suffer, I wilted ismolk .. . "" lovely and duller ... "," GREEN "," grotesque "," As the day dawns, as the newly radiance ... ") 29. Jean-Paul Sartre "Nausea," "Words," "Freud".30. Arthur Rimbaud's "Poems." 31. Virginia Woolf "Jacob's Room", "Orlando", "To the Lighthouse", "Mrs. Dalloway". 32. Tom Sharpe "Far intent", "Wilt", "Porterhouse Blue". 33. Clifford D. Simak "All living things ..." "Almost like people", "Reserve goblin", "City", "Ring Around the Sun." 34. Ambrose Bierce, "Devil's Dictionary" stories. 35. Kobo Abe's "Woman in the Dunes", "Tales" ("The Man - box" and others). 36. Aldous Huxley's "Crome Yellow", "Trickster's dance", "Doors of Perception", "Counterpoint", "Brave New World", etc. 37. Haruki Murakami's "Trilogy of the Rat" ("Hear the Wind Sing," "Pinball 1973", "The hunt for the sheep"), "Dance-dance-dance", "Kafka on the Shore." 38. Alexander Mitta "Cinema between heaven and hell." 39. Daniil Andreyev "Rose of the World." 40. Milan Kundera, "The Unbearable Lightness of Being," "Broken wills", "Immortality", "Slowness / Authenticity", "Waltz goodbye." 41. VK Arsenyev "According to the Ussuri region," "Dersu Uzala." 42. Ryu Murakami's "All Blues", "69." 43. Paulo Coelho's "The Alchemist", "Eleven Minutes." 44. Yukio Mishima's "Confessions of a Mask," "Golden Temple", "thirst for love." 45. Anthony Burgess' A Clockwork Orange, "" Long Walk to tea drinking, "" Iron, rusty iron. " 46. Max Frisch, "I will name himself Gantenbein." 47. Faulkner "Village". 48. T. Wilder, "The Ides of March." 49.Dzhon Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath", "Cannery Row," " East of Eden "50. F. Scott Fitzgerald "The Great Gatsby," "Tender Is the Night," stories. 51. Knut Hamsun's "Hunger", "juice of the earth". 52. RM Rilke poems. 53. Francoise Sagan "Fish Blood," "Bonjour Tristesse." "Love Livs Brahms." "A little sun in cold water", "leash". 54. C. Aitmatov "Jamila", "My Little Poplar in a red scarf", "Camel's Eye "," The First Teacher "," Mother's Field, "" And the day lasts longer than a century "," scaffold "," Cassandra's Brand "," White Ship "" Spotted Dog Running at the edge of the sea. " 55. Ryunosuke Akutagawa (Ryunoske) "Hell loneliness", "Tobacco and the devil." 56. D. Updike "Rabbit, Run," "Centaur", "Gertrude and Claudius", "Let's get married." 57. Thomas Stearns Eliot "Poems." 58. Neil Gaiman, "American Gods," "Coraline," "Smoke and Mirrors". 59. G. Apollinaire "Poems." 60. Apuleius. "Metamorphoses, or Golden Ass." 61. Asturias MA "Young Possessor Treasure," "Tacos people." 62. I. Babel, "How this was done in Odessa", "Red Cavalry" stories.63. V. Shalamov "Fourth Vologda," Kolyma Tales. Poems. 64. Bart J. "Floating Opera." 65. R. Bach "Seagull Jonathan Livingston." 66. Belle G. "A house without a host." 67. Bits A. "Lessons of Armenia", "the Georgian album", " Pushkin House "," UletayuschiyMonahov "," Agreement ". 68. William Blake "Songs of Innocence and of Experience" (Poems). 69. S. de Beauvoir. "Pretty pictures." 70. Baudelaire Sh "Flowers of Evil." 71. G. Boccaccio "Decameron". 72. Beaumarchais. "The Barber of Seville." "The Marriage of Figaro." 73. Iain Banks' The Crow Road "," The Bridge, "" The Wasp Factory "," Steps on the glass. " 74. Boris Vasiliev "The Dawns Here Are Quiet" "gambler and bully, player and duelist," "Soothe My Sorrows ..." 75. Boris Vian "Autumn in Peking", "All the dead skin is the same." 76. Vladimir Vysotsky Poems. 77. Gan Bao. "Notes on searching for ghosts." 78. IA Efremov "Thais", "Razor", "At the edge of the known world." 79. Romain Gary, "The promise of the dawn" "Promise at dawn", "Obey the head." 80. Poulsen Leslie Hartley "Death Defying Acts" (short stories). 81. Henri Barbusse "Tenderness", "Fire". Sat - to stories, "Incidents", "True Stories." 82. F. Garcia Lorca "Song wants to be light." 83.Giljarovsky VA "Moscow and Muscovites". 84. Alexei Didurov "Myths and Legends of Ancient Scoop." 85. Gunter Grass' Under local anesthesia, "" The Tin Drum "," Dog's Life "," From the Diary of a Snail, "" Birth of the head. " 86. S. Dali "Diary of a genius." 87. Amanda Lear «DALI Amanda's eyes." 88. James G. "Turn of the Screw." 89. Dovlatov S. "Life is short", "reserve", "Zone: Notes warden." 90.Dombrowski J. "Faculty of unnecessary things." 91. Du Maurier D. "Scapegoat," "Rebecca," "Frantsuzova bay", "Korolevskiygeneral", "My Cousin Rachel". 92.Euripides. "Medea". "Hippolytus." "The Bacchae." 93. Sacher-Masoch, L. von."Venus in Furs". 94. N. Kazantzakis' The Last Temptation. 95. T. Capote's "Breakfast at Tiffany's." 96. J. Kane "Butterfly" "The Postman Always Rings Twice," "Double Indemnity." 97. Confucius. Judgment and conversation. 98. Lawrence D. "Sons and Lovers , "" Rainbow, "" Women in Love, "" Lady Chatterley's Lover. " 99. H. McCoy "In the shroud no pockets," "They Shoot Horses, is not it" 100. The Marquis de Sade. "Justine, or the Misfortunes of Virtue. "

We Were Here First!!!

Monday, January 27, 2014

White terror and violence against minors

the post in this blog was taken from Russian History and is translated from Russian to English

White terror and violence against minors

Dear Michael aka Nakonechniy  corporatelie recently wrote a post , which argued that the Bolsheviks killed children. With this as an example for some reason led guerrilla leader A.Gromov story about how a family partisans killed their enemies with their families. Example, to put it mildly, bad.
According to common thinking, it was not hard to guess that during the brutal civil war killing of children and adolescents - is quite common. Typically, both sides were killed in fits of cruelty disloyal local population, cutting it with their families. During the battle, or even after it could easily be shot underage soldiers who participated in the mass of the opposing armies. From my own experience of studying the history of the Civil War can attest that the Gunners 15-17 years old at the time - absolutely common thing. Here, for example, an example of one of them .

But M.Nakonechnogo post was not just, talk from the heart, and in connection with another post in the discussion regarding the writer V.Solouhine. He is known, in his book "Salt Lake" published information about the shooting in 1922 Achinsk group of hostages, among whom were women and children from 17 to 9 years.

1. Ryzhykova A. (10 years); 
2. Ryzhikov P. (13 years); 
3. Fugel Thecla (15 years); 
4. Monakova V. (20 years); 
5. Baydurova Matthew (9 years);

Actually, a surprisingly young age hostages shot which even in those days was a wildness and surprise readers. Short investigation as if not confirmed information Soloukhina and everyone believed that he just made. However, the information Nakonechnogo and his companions showed that text Solouhin still led with original, is another question - the real age of the shot. His Solouhin could easily add to the beauty as he attributed the "Beauty" Gaidar in the same area atrocities committed by others, and for a year and a half before his arrival in Khakassia. A half-truth is known, the same lie. By the way, in 1922, Gaidar himself barely turned 18. At age 17 he was already chasing bandits trying tambovskie least one of them to catch.
During the discussion Nakonechniy unfortunately slipped into the shallow moralizing and emotional accusatory cries, showing that respected researcher did not set out to establish the historical truth, and another victory over opponents network. Among other things sounded and such an argument :

I'm curious - you are aware of violence against children by whites? Just ask for the memories, without any hints. I fully admit, given the mutual bitterness and global scale war that such precedents could be, but I would like to see the specifics.

Well, if the distinguished Michael Nakonechny want it, I can enlighten him briefly. Immediately warn that my review completely frivolous, I just lay out what I have on hand.

So, one of the first cases where white really taken hostage and even killed children and teenagers caught me in studying the history Izhevsk-Votkinsky uprising. This is a famous story about how working Kama factories revolted and overthrew the bloody Bolshevik power. This, however, did not save a local civil war atrocities themselves from Izhevsk-Votkinskaya rebels. tml
Already by August 27th commandant in charge of Izhevsk there were 767 prisoners, located in seven places. This is not surprising: the repression affected many sympathizers of the Soviet authorities, relatives arrested "Bolsheviks." Prisons were the elderly and children. In the same Sarapul were detained father, sister and brother, 12-year-old member of the city committee of the RCP (B) IS Sedelnikova, father, two sisters and 16-year-old brother Pastukhova and others.

In Votkinsk Sarapul and later the prisoners were transferred to river barges, which were used as floating prisons. They were teenagers and prisoners.Here's what one of the prisoners recalls Sarapulskaya barge. tml
We went after viewing Manohina hold. Peered into the faces of the prisoners. 
"Beginners" is not found. Obviously, White can not guess or do not have time to plant spies. 
Manohin time to talk with everyone. Found out where he was arrested for that. It turned out that most of those arrested - party members, Soviet officials.There was a group of hostages: brothers, fathers, sons of those who serve in the Red Army. Among the hostages was a lot of old people and teenagers. 
Unter with escorts quickly went into the hold, and in a few minutes on the stairs there was a loud swearing. In the hatch appeared, pushed back, two half-naked man. Staggering, they went on deck. It turned out the Chinese. Apparently, they just beat - fresh bruising furrowed face. Behind them rose the deck completely blind boy, sixteen years old, and about ten people seriously injured falling from weakness at each step. Executioners customized their butts and arms revolvers.

The fate of the prisoners was different - red Sarapultsev managed to save sailors izhevtsy bulk saved during the occupation by the Red Army in Izhevsk, Votkinsk but in the vast majority had to die. Here is a story about one such dead - Fedeneva Sasha, who was 16. tml
Sasha Fedeneva mentioned, who was then 16 years old, really lucky to be alive. Later, he talked about his salvation: 
"Denounced neighbor I was arrested and thrown into a white floating prison barge. Arrested dozens of workers brought here every day and thrown into the hold. Whites called drunken evening arrested, taken away their beaten with fists and rifle butts. Ten minutes later, somewhere very close indiscriminate firing was heard all fall silent ... 
November 9 called me ... Stopped at the freshly dug pit, almost to the top littered with corpses. Wheezing and weak moans, trembling hands and legs lying in the pit testified that there were and are alive. Executioners put me in the quadrangle between soldiers and four bayonet stuck into me. No sound I fell face down. And again a few jabs bayonet in the back. Voice said: "Ready!" ... Woke up. Someone got out of the heaps of dead and ran away. I ran after him ... Specifically, we were barely moving his feet. It was a sailor balls which brought with me to death "

Fedeneva survived. Sharovevu not lucky - he later died.
I note that at the time I read about one of these young prisoners Votkinskaya barge, which was 12 years old. I think it was in the book "Votkinsk: Chronicle of events and facts. Ustinov, 1985." Do not remember exactly, but I can clarify for those who wish. Apparently, the young hostage survived, but had to leave on short wall barge revolutionary poem in two lines, which was later spotted.

Besides the territory of Samara Komuch existed "death trains." They were also juvenile hostage. This is confirmed by the note Rudolf Byukeli. See BYUKELI RUDOLF. Scary train. (From the diary of an employee of the American Red Cross mission in Siberia). Nikolsk Ussuriysk. November 1918 - In the book.: Train death. Kuibyshev, 1960, p. 136-148. The same.: Kuibyshev. 1957, p. 137-142. Full text: "Public Policy" (February, 1998). 080-000-80-0
We climbed into the car and found 2 more dead, lying on the top bunk of the living. Almost everything in this car were skinny, half-dressed, with sunken eyes. They racked up a terrible cough. Seal of death was on them. If no help comes soon, they will all die. We looked only a few cars, and one window we saw a little girl 11 years. According to her, her father was drafted into the Red Guard. Now the father, mother and baby are all in this train and everyone will die here.

Something similar occurred in other areas. For example, the other day I came across an example of how in 1919 beloestontsy prisoner killed the commander of the 49th Regiment Gdovsky Ivan Nikitovich dauber. His family consisting of his wife and three young children for some reason they (apparently as hostages) was taken to the camp, "prisoners of war". It's pretty funny, considering that Estonia had to then explain why in camps for "prisoners of war" contains not only prisoners of war. Should be noted that three children were I.N.Bogomaza: son Vsevolod - 5 years, daughter Nina - 3 years, daughter Tanya - less than one year. Memories by Vsevolod Bohomazov, who later wrote a book about it, even the Estonian official was embarrassed when little Tanya had instructions to dip your fingers in ink and take prints. Although conditions in the camp were appalling, the family managed to survive - nobody died (see V.I.Bogomazov. Father. Lenizdat, 1982).

Add that frequently was that the children of Red Army soldiers and communists White armies killed during natural killings or as they prefer to express modern historians, "excesses."

"White Guards very hurt people, especially mothers of Red whipped with rods, and the wives and children of workers loaded two barges sent inland and burned, when they began to retreat. Residents were very happy that they came saviors red" (Nizhny Novgorod, July 2, 1919 ) 
"I have seen enough now, what do white in Vyatka Province., 30 houses left one horse, and all were taken. Workers were shot, and the corpses were burned at the stake. Peasants they pay more taxes, with the poor take on 1000 rubles. White stabbed more than 300 people., Regardless of their wives and children, who is the son, the whole family is cut "(Vyatka Province, Izhevka v., July 14, 1919) 
"White Guards threatened population that cut all red and all, but left on the contrary: they are for a 2-month stay gouged Votkinsk 2,000 women and children, even women were buried, because they are wives of the Red Army. Do they not monsters, murderers "(Votkinsk, July 25, 1919) 
Publication of "Private letters during the Civil War." Unknown Russia: XX Century. Part 2 / / Moscow city consolidation. M., 1992. s.235-236

But the Southern Front, general pogrom.

Excerpts from the report Russian journalist Ivan Village pogrom that perpetrated Cossacks 2nd Terek Plastunskaya brigade commander of the regiment it is. Belogortsev Fastiv, near Kiev, in September 1919: 
They say one thing ... when a live person was thrown into the fire. In some Kiksmana cut language and found an explosive bullet wound (died). On the application of these bullets is spoken by all, including persons from the district hospital medical staff. In Markman wounded cropped ears. One of Markmanov found 12 wounds checkers, the other - 8. Corpse M. Polish girl was found charred. One list buried (available on the clerk bailiff) have the names of two six-month children - Avrum Sloboda and Ruvin Konik ... 
IB Schechtman. Volunteer Army pogroms in Ukraine. Berlin, 1932.

Well, I think this is enough to understand that children and then became victims of terror, often on the basis of the related liability. Son, as opposed to saying, often responsible for his father. Of course, you could search more examples, recall episodes when faced underage cadets and adolescents guerrillas in fierce battles, talk about how some of these "ideological" opponents teenagers prouchali flogging, but it's the lyrics. I think, in general, and so everything is clear.
And yet, I note that blindness to teenagers at the time has been extended, but still they are not necessarily killed polls. Here is an example of just Siberia, where, how indignant Nakonechniy, Siberian partisans killed enemies with their entire families. 99-000-10001-0-1360837853
Velvet Dmitry Antonovich. (1902, having Spasskoe Tomsk province, in 1970, Krasnoyarsk). Born in the family gold mine manager Anton Dmitrievich Barhatnogo.S 1903. Barnaule.Okonchil 5 classes in Barnaul trade school. in June 1919. voluntarily joined the regiment Barnaul "blue Lancers." in which his brother Vitali was pom.komandira Regiment. in December 1919. surrendered to the Red Army. In March, 1920. Collegium Alt.gubChK sentenced to death. Due minority, shooting replaced 5 years ITL. AltgubChK Board, protocol number 1276 dated August 8, 1920. agreed: "in view of the minority business stop and submit to the commission on juvenile offenders, with copy of the decision of the commission 15.06.1920g. for information." Released. 
From 1920 to 1927. worked: in Altgubprodkome, JSC "bakeries", t-ve "Sales" buhgalterom.Arestovan Barn.okr.otdelom OGPU 14.06.1927g. under Stalin initiated masoovy opreatsii b.belyh against officers at the college SSSR.OSO OGPU 16.09.1927g. sentenced to 3 g.kontslagerya as "organizer terrorist group" was .25.12.1927 Commission to apply amnesty to the 10th anniversary of the Great October reduced the period of 9 months. 
Punishment served in Solovki prison camp (ELEPHANT), then was transferred to Sevlag.11.10.1929g. CCA OGPU decided "to send to z, in the Northern Territory." Link served in Kotlase.16.12.1932g.OSO OGPU identified D.A.Barhatnomu 3 years' deprivation of the right to reside in the area with 12 p.Uralskoy attachment to the place of residence "He worked as an accountant in Uhpechlage. (Ukhta) .3 March 1934. from links on osvobozhden.Otpavlen BAM Construction in g.Svobodny, Amur oblasti.Nachalnik finance department stroitelstva.V 1939 1940. in Yuzhlage - nach.fin railway construction Ulan-Ude-Naushki. 
In 1940-1943. nach.fin in Sevzheldorlage on construction of the North-Pechora railway highway in p.Zheleznodorozhny Komi. (railway Vorkuta-Kotlas Konosha) .31 July 1943. seconded to the Office Stroitelsva-500 in Komsomolsk-on-Amur for BAM construction, to the planned operation against the Kwantung армии.Нач.фин.строительства.В August 1949. sent to the Far North for the construction of railways line Salekhard Igarka.V April 1951.transferred to s.Ermakovo. summer 1952. transferred to Krasnoyarsk in Uprvlenie Construction number 501.V 1952 1962gg. in Krasnoyarsk: nach.fin trusts "Krasnoyarskpromstroy", "oh Glavkrasnoyarskstr" nach.FO Krasnoyarsk CHX Trust "Zhilstroy-2". awarded government awards. Since 1962 pension. Died at 1970g.Pohoronen in Krasnoyarsk.

As you can see, did not shoot, although the service in the regiment of the famous "blue Lancers" then perceived as later service in the SS and it shot almost without exception . By the way, the link is the moment and the affected subject: "Former Lancers Trifon V. proudly told friends that during counter-insurgency operations Lancers approached the Red Army prisoners for 6 people and take them on bayonets. Annenkovtsy On bayonets raised children and Communists."
In this Velvet brothers - Vitali and George (27 and 24 years, respectively), active conductors of the White Terror, were shot. More precisely, George was shot, there is no information about Vitaly.

PS But I note that, although in those days really taken hostage young children, I personally information on their killing did not come across: a maximum of teens. And in addition have never met such a folly as a one-time shot once the four youngsters who were held hostage in the approval of repressive bodies to intimidate the population. Least because this is always missing women, the elderly and adolescents. If Soloukhina information prove correct, it will be possible to find a precedent for.

PPS Well, children, and children alike. Many themselves and not give offense.

Siberian Cadet Corps cadets. 1919 _1918/1883_1918/irk/comm.htm 
Finally, do not lost his nerve at the depot workers. The strike committee was soundly beaten and locked in a depot bath. Echelons allocated locomotives and coal workers to collect food as they could, and January 6 Cadet Corps moved eastward. 
January 7 at the station Tankhoy Red partisans dismantled part of the railway track and trains fired from machine guns. Cadet killed three and two year old daughter and wife of Lieutenant Ivanov, 12 cadets were wounded. Irate senior cadets and officers of 300 people just a hundred rifles and ammunition almost no one powerful lightning strike scattered guerrillas. At the same time the guerrillas have lost up to 20 people dead and more than 50 were taken prisoner. Also seized more than a hundred rifles and a machine gun. On the part of evacuees killed and four wounded Lieutenant Ivanov. Prisoners forced to fix the way and shot. The news of the determination and angry force cadet quickly spread across the rail. All kinds of committees and councils hid. Further journey happened albeit with delays, but without incident.
Tags: Civil War in Russia , Controversy